The founder of virtual currency firm Liberty Reserve, Arthur Budovsky, was extradited from Spain to face US criminal charges for operating what officials called a massive money-laundering scheme.
Budovsky will be tried in the US on charges related to setting up the alternative digital currency used by criminals around the world to launder illegal profits, said federal prosecutors.
Budovsky is accused of being the “principal founder” of the Costa Rica-based scheme, which is accused of laundering more than $6 billion for criminals between 2006 and 2013.
The news comes two weeks after Maxim Chukharev, Liberty’s head of technology, pleaded guilty in New York federal court to conspiring to operate an illegal unlicensed money transmitting business.
Budovsky and Chukharev were among seven people charged in May 2013 when federal authorities announced they had shut down what was described as one of the world’s biggest money-laundering schemes. Three others have pleaded guilty in the investigation.
The digital exchange mechanism, which allowed depositors to mask their identities, was similar to bitcoin and other digital currencies.
Liberty Reserve’s principals were arrested in a round-up last year in Costa Rica, Spain and New York, sealing the fate of a company that had been one of the most successful in the popular but increasingly scrutinised world of unofficial banking and virtual currencies.
The indictment accused Budovsky and his partners of creating a firm that masqueraded as a convenient and legitimate money transfer system.
Before being shut down, Liberty Reserve had more than a million users worldwide, including more than 200,000 in the United States.
The digital currency facilitated the laundering of funds from credit card fraud, identity theft, investment fraud, computer hacking, narcotics trafficking and other crimes, according to officials.
The probe involved law enforcement in 17 countries and is believed to be the largest money-laundering prosecution in history, said prosecutors.
Budovsky has denied committing any crimes. His lawyer has said Budovsky founded Liberty Reserve in 2006, then sold it in 2007 and remained only a “technical adviser” until 2009.